Plant Developmental Biology and Physiology


Prof. Dr. Margret Sauter

Am Botanischen Garten 5, R. 336
Phone: +49 431 880-4210 
Telefax: +49 431 880-4222 


  • Sauter M and Kende H (1992) Levels of ß-glucan and lignin in elongating internodes of deepwater rice. Plant and Cell Physiology 33: 1089-1097
  • Sauter M and Kende H (1992) Gibberellin-induced growth and regulation of the cell division cycle in deepwater rice. Planta 188: 362-368


  • Sauter M, Seagull RW and Kende H (1993) Internodal elongation and orientation of cellulose microfibrils in deepwater rice. Planta 190: 354-362
  • Kende H, Hoffmann-Benning S and Sauter M (1993) The role of ethylene in regulating growth of deepwater rice. In Cellular and molecular aspects of biosynthesis of the plant hormone ethylene. Eds. Pech, J.-C., Latché, A., Balagné, C. Kluwer Academic Publ., Dortrecht; pp. 329-334


  • Sauter M, Mekhedov SL and Kende H (1995) Gibberellin promotes histone H1 kinase activity and the expression of cdc2 and cyclin genes during the induction of rapid growth in deepwater rice internodes. Plant Journal 7: 623-632


  • van der Knaap E, Sauter M, Wilford B and Kende H (1996) Identification of a gibberellin-induced receptor-like kinase in deepwater rice (accession no. Y07748) (PGR 96-100). Plant Physiology 112: 1397
  • Renaudin J-P, Doonan JH, Freeman D, Hashimoto J, Hirt H, Inzé D, Jacobs T, Kouchi H, Rouzé P, Sauter M, Savouré A, Sorrell DA, Sundaresan V and Murray JAH (1996) Plant cyclins: a unified nomenclature for plant A, B- and D-type cyclins based on sequence organisation. Invited review. Plant Molecular Biology 32: 1003-1018


  • Lorbiecke R and Sauter M (1997) A ribosomal 5S rRNA-binding protein gene from rice (Oryza sativa L.) is regulated in a cell cycle phase-specific manner and in response to gibberellin. Journal of Plant Physiology 151: 334-338
  • Sauter M (1997) Differential expression of a CAK (cdc2-activating kinase)-like protein kinase, cyclins and cdc2 genes from rice during the cell cycle and in response to gibberellin. Plant Journal 11: 181-190
  • Sauter M (1997) Isolation and characterization of a cDNA encoding a mitotic cyclin of the CycB2 type from rice (accession no. X82036) (PGR 97-001). Plant Physiology 113: 305


  • Sauter M, von Wiegen P, Lörz H and Kranz E (1998) Cell cycle regulatory genes from maize are differentially controlled during fertilization and first embryonic cell division. Sexual Plant Reproduction 11: 41-48
  • Lorbiecke R and Sauter M (1998) Induction of cell growth and cell division in the intercalary meristem of submerged deepwater rice (Oryza sativa L.). Planta 204: 140-145


  • Malz S and Sauter M (1999) Expression of PIP genes in rapidly growing internodes of rice is not primarily controlled by meristem activity or cell expansion. Plant Molecular Biology 40: 985-995
  • van der Knaap E, Song WY, Ruan DL, Sauter M, Ronald PC and Kende H (1999) Expression of a gibberellin-induced leucine-rich repeat receptor-like protein kinase in deepwater rice and its interaction with a kinase-associated protein phosphatase. Plant Physiology 120: 559-569
  • Lorbiecke R and Sauter M (1999) Adventitious root growth and cell cycle induction in deepwater rice (Oryza sativa L.). Plant Physiology 119: 21-29


  • Yamaguchi M, Fabian T, Sauter M, Bhalerao RP, Schrader J, Sandberg G, Umeda M and Uchimiya H (2000) Activation of CDK-activating kinase is dependent on interaction with H-type cyclins in plants. Plant Journal 24: 11-20
  • Mergemann H and Sauter M (2000) Programmed death of epidermal cells facilitates emergence of adventitious roots in deepwater rice. Plant Physiology 124: 609-614
  • Fabian T, Lorbiecke R, Umeda M and Sauter M (2000) The cell cycle genes cycA1;1 and cdc2Os-3 are coordinately regulated by gibberellin in planta. Planta 211: 376-383
  • Sauter M (2000) Rice in deep water: ‚How to take heed against a sea of troubles'. Invited review. Naturwissenschaften 87: 289-303


  • Sauter M (2001) Gibberellic acid-mediated regulation of the cell cycle during stem growth. In: The plant cell cycle and its interfaces. Ed. D. Franscis, Sheffield Academic Press, Sheffield, England


  • Lorbiecke R and Sauter M (2002) Comparative analysis of PSK peptide growth factor precursor homologs. Plant Science 163: 321-332: PMC129256
  • Rzewuski G and Sauter M (2002) The novel rice (Oryza sativa L.) gene OsSbf1 encodes a putative member of the Na+/bile acid symporter family. Journal of Experimental Botany 53: 1991-1993: PMID: 12177140
  • Sauter M, Rzewuski G, Marwedel T and Lorbiecke R (2002) The novel ethylene-regulated gene OsUsp1 from rice encodes a member of a plant protein family related to prokaryotic universal stress proteins. Journal of Experimental Botany 53: 2325-2331: PMID: 12432025
  • Fabian-Marwedel T, Umeda M and Sauter M (2002) The rice CAK (cyclin-dependent kinase-activating kinase) R2 regulates S phase progression. Plant Cell 14: 197-210: PMID: 11826308


  • Marwedel T, Ishibashi T, Lorbiecke R, Jacob S, Sakaguchi K and Sauter M (2003) Plant-specific regulation of replication protein A2 (OsRPA2) from rice during the cell cycle and in response to UV light exposure. Planta 217: 457-465: 10.1007/s00425-003-1001-z


  • Sauter M, Cornell KA, Beszteri S and Rzewuski G (2004) Functional analysis of methylthioribose kinase genes in plants. Plant Physiology 136: 4061-4071: 10.1104/pp.104.053587


  • Sauter M, Lorbiecke R, OuYang B, Pochapsky TC and Rzewuski G (2005) The immediate-early ethylene response gene OsARD1 encodes an acireductone dioxygenase involved in recycling of the ethylene precursor S-adenosylmethionine. Plant Journal 44: 718-729: 10.1111/j.1365-313X.2005.02564.x
  • Zhou B, Sauter M and Sun M (2005) Single microspore RT-PCR reveals dynamic changes in CAK (CDK-activating kinase) expression during microspore development in rice. Bioscience Biotechnology Biochemistry 69: 2240-2243
  • Steffens B and Sauter M (2005) Epidermal cell death in rice (Oryza sativa L.) is regulated by ethylene, gibberellin and abscisic acid. Plant Physiology 139: 713-721: 10.1104/pp.105.064469
  • Lorbiecke R, Steffens M, Tomm JM, Scholten S, von Wiegen P, Kranz E, Wienand U and Sauter M (2005) Phytosulphokine gene regulation during maize (Zea mays L.) reproduction. Journal of Experimental Botany 56: 1805-1819: 10.1093/jxb/eri169


  • Steffens B, Wang J and Sauter M (2006) Interactions between ethylene, gibberellin and abscisic acid regulate emergence and growth rate of adventitious roots in deepwater rice. Planta 223: 604-612: 10.1007/s00425-005-0111-1


  • Bürstenbinder K, Rzewuski G, Wirtz M, Hell R and Sauter M (2007) The role of methionine recycling for ethylene synthesis in Arabidopsis. Plant Journal 49: 238-249: 10.1111/j.1365-313X.2006.02942.x
  • Rzewuski G, Cornell KA, Rooney L, Bürstenbinder K, Wirtz M, Hell R and Sauter M (2007) OsMTN encodes a 5´-methylthioadenosine nucleosidase that is up-regulated during submergence-induced ethylene synthesis in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Journal of Experimental Botany 58: 1505-1514: 10.1093/jxb/erm014


  • Rzewuski G and Sauter M (2008) Ethylene biosynthesis and signaling in rice. Invited review. Plant Science 175: 32-42: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2008.01.012


  • Steffens B and Sauter M (2009) Heterotrimeric G protein signaling is required for epidermal cell death in rice. Plant Physiology 151: 732-740: 10.1104/pp.109.142133
  • Steffens B and Sauter M (2009) Epidermal cell death in rice is confined to cells with a distinct molecular identity and is mediated by ethylene and H2O2 through an autoamplified signal pathway. Plant Cell 21: 184-196: 10.1105/tpc.108.061887
  • Sauter M (2009) A guided tour: Pollen tube orientation in flowering plants. Invited review. Chinese Science Bulletin 54: 2376-2382: 10.1007/s11434-009-0329-6
  • Kutschmar A, Rzewuski G, Stührwohldt N, Beemster GTS, Inzé D and Sauter M (2009) PSK-alpha promotes root growth in Arabidopsis. New Phytologist 181: 820-831: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2008.02710.x
  • Steffens B and Sauter M (2009) Epidermal cells that undergo cell death differentially express cell identity genes. Plant Signaling & Behavior 4: 247-248: PMC2652543


  • Hinz M, Wilson IW, Yang J, Bürstenbinder K, Llewellyn D, Dennis ES, Sauter M and Dolferus R (2010) Arabidopsis RAP2.2: an ethylene response transcription factor that is important for hypoxia survival. Plant Physiology 153: 757-772: 10.1104/pp.110.155077
  • Bürstenbinder K, Waduwara I, Schoor S, Moffatt BA, Wirtz M, Minocha SC, Oppermann Y, Bouchereau A, Hell R and Sauter M (2010) Inhibition of 5'-methylthioadenosine metabolism in the Yang cycle alters polyamine levels, and impairs seedling growth and reproduction in Arabidopsis. Plant Journal 62: 977-988: 10.1111/j.1365-313X.2010.04211.x
  • Loivamäki M, Stührwohldt N, Deeken R, Steffens B, Roitsch T, Hedrich R and Sauter M (2010) A role for PSK signaling in wounding and microbial interactions in Arabidopsis. Physiologia Plantarum 139: 348-357: 10.1111/j.1399-3054.2010.01371.x
  • Steffens B and Sauter M (2010) G proteins as regulators in ethylene-mediated hypoxia signaling. Plant Signaling & Behavior 5: 375-378: PMC2958587


  • Stührwohldt N, Dahlke RI, Steffens B, Johnson A and Sauter M (2011) Phytosulfokine-alpha controls hypocotyl length and cell expansion in Arabidopsis thaliana through phytosulfokine receptor 1. PLoS ONE  10.1371/journal.pone.0021054
  • Hess N, Klode M, Anders M and Sauter M (2011) The hypoxia responsive transcription factor genes ERF71/HRE2 and ERF73/HRE1 of Arabidopsis are differentially regulated by ethylene. Physiologia Plantarum 143: 41-49: 10.1111/j.1399-3054.2011.01486.x
  • Steffens B, Geske T and Sauter M (2011) Aerenchyma formation in the rice stem and its promotion by H2O2. New Phytologist 190: 369-378: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2010.03496.x
  • Klode M, Dahlke RI, Sauter M and Steffens B (2011) Expression and subcellular localization of Arabidopsis thaliana auxin-binding protein 1 (ABP1). Journal of Plant Growth Regulation 30: 416-424: 10.1007/s00344-011-9203-2


  • Steffens B, Kovalev A, Gorb SN, Sauter M (2012) Emerging roots alter epidermal cell fate through mechanical and reactive oxygen species signaling. Plant Cell 24: 3296-3306: 10.1105/tpc.112.101790
  • Van de Poel B, Bulens I, Markoula A, Hertog M, Dreesen R, Wirtz M, Vandoninck S, Oppermann Y, Keulemans W, Hell R, Waelkens E, De Proft MP, Sauter M, Nicolai BM, Geeraerd AH (2012) Targeted systems biology profiling of tomato fruit reveals coordination of the Yang cycle and a distinct regulation of ethylene biosynthesis during post-climacteric ripening. Plant Physiology 160: 1498-1514: 10.1104/pp.112.206086
  • Waduwara-Jayabahu I, Oppermann Y, Wirtz M, Hull ZT, Schoor S, Plotnikov AN, Hell R, Sauter M and Moffatt BA (2012) Recycling of methylthioadenosine is essential for normal vascular development and reproduction in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Physiology 158: 1728-1744: 10.1104/pp.111.191072
  • Sauter M (2012) Peptides regulating root growth. In: Plant Signaling Peptides. Eds Irving HR, Gehring C, Springer Series: Signaling and Communication in Plants, 41-58
  • Bürstenbinder K and Sauter M (2012) Early events in the ethylene biosynthetic pathway - Regulation of the pools of methionine and S-adenosylmethionine. In: Annual Plant Reviews 44, 19-52: 10.1002/9781118223086.ch2


  • Van de Poel B, Bulens I, Oppermann Y, Hertog MLATM, Moffatt BA, Nicolaï BM, Sauter M, Geeraerd AH (2013) Evaluation of the manifold usage of S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM) during climacteric ripening of tomato in relation to ethylene and polyamine biosynthesis and transmethylation capacity. Physiologia Plantarum 148: 176-188: 10.1111/j.1399-3054.2012.01703.x
  • Sauter M (2013) Root responses to flooding. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 16: 282-286: 10.1016/j.pbi.2013.03.013
  • Steffens B, Steffen-Heins A, Sauter M (2013) Reactive oxygen species mediate growth and death in submerged plants. Frontiers in Plant Science 4: 179: 10.3389/fpls.2013.00179
  • Hartmann J, Stührwohldt N, Dahlke RI, Sauter M (2013) Phytosulfokine control of growth occurs in the epidermis, is likely to be non-cell autonomous and is dependent on brassinosteroids. Plant Journal 73: 579-590: 10.1111/tpj.12056
  • Sauter M, Moffatt B, Saechao MC, Hell R, Wirtz M (2013) Methionine salvage and S-adenosylmethionine: essential links between sulfur, ethylene and polyamine biosynthesis. Biochemical Journal 451: 145-154: 10.1042/BJ20121744


  • Hartmann J, Fischer C, Dietrich P, Sauter M (2014) Kinase activity and calmodulin binding are essential for growth signaling by the phytosulfokine receptor PSKR1. Plant Journal 78: 192-202: 10.1111/tpj.12460
  • Grote J, Krysciak D, Schorn A, Dahlke RI, Soonvald L, Müller J, Hense BA, Schwarzfischer M, Sauter M, Schmeisser C, Streit WR (2014) Evidence of autoinducer-dependent and autoinducer-independent heterogeneous gene expression in Sinorhizobium fredii NGR234. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 80(18): 5572-5582: 10.1128/AEM.01689-14
  • Stührwohldt N, Hartmann J, Dahlke R, Oecking C, Sauter M (2014) The PSI family of nuclear proteins is required for growth in arabidopsis. Plant Molecular Biology 86: 289-302: 10.1007/s11103-014-0229-2


  • Hartmann J, Linke D, Boenniger C, Tholey A, Sauter M (2015) Conserved phosphorylation sites in the activation loop of the Arabidopsis phytosulfokine receptor PSKR1 differentially affect kinase and receptor activity. Biochemical Journal 472: 379-391: 10.1042/BJ20150147
  • Ladwig F, Dahlke RI, Stührwohldt N, Hartmann J, Harter K, Sauter M (2015) Phytosulfokine regulates growth in Arabidopsis through a response module at the plasma membrane that includes CYCLIC NUCLEOTIDE-GATED CHANNEL 17, H+-ATPase and BAK1. The Plant Cell 27: 1-12: 10.1105/tpc.15.00306
  • Stührwohldt N, Dahlke RI, Kutschmar A, Peng X, Sun MX, Sauter M (2015) Phytosulfokine peptide signaling controls pollen tube growth and funicular pollen tube guidance in Arabidopsis thaliana. Physiologia Plantarum 153: 643-653: 10.1111/ppl.12270
  • Sauter M (2015) Phytosulfokine peptide signaling. Journal of Experimental Botany 66: 5161-5169: 10.1093/jxb/erv071


  • Mustroph A, Sauter M, Geigenberger P, van Dongen J (2016) (Über)leben ohne Sauerstoff: Wenn Pflanzen die Luft ausgeht. Biologie in unserer Zeit 46: 32–40: 10.1002/biuz.201610584


  • Eysholdt-Derzsó E, Sauter M (2017) Root bending is antagonistically affected by hypoxia and ERF-mediated transcription via auxin signaling. Plant Physiology 175: 412-423: 10.1104/pp.17.00555
  • Kaufmann C, Sauter M (2017) Pull-down Assay to Characterize Ca2+/Calmodulin Binding to Plant Receptor Kinases. Methods Mol Biol 1621: 151-159:  10.1007/978-1-4939-7063-6_15

  • Fischer C, Sauter M, Dietrich P (2017) BiFC Assay to Detect Calmodulin Binding to Plant Receptor Kinases. Methods Mol Biol 1621: 141-149:  10.1007/978-1-4939-7063-6_14
  • Sasidharan R, Bailey-Serres J, Ashikari M, Atwell BJ, Colmer TD, Fagerstedt K, Fukao T, Geigenberger P, Hebelstrup KH, Hill RD, Holdsworth MJ, Ismail AM, Licausi F, Mustroph A, Nakazono M, Pedersen O, Perata P, Sauter M, Shih MC, Sorrell BK, Striker GG, van Dongen JT, Whelan J, Xiao S, Visser EJ, Voesenek LA (2017) Community recommendations on terminology and procedures used in flooding and low oxygen stress research. New Phytologist 214: 1403-1407: 10.1111/nph.14519
  • Kaufmann C, Motzkus M, Sauter M (2017) Phosphorylation of the phytosulfokine peptide receptor PSKR1 controls receptor activity. Journal of Experimental Botany 68: 1411-1423: 10.1093/jxb/erx030


  • Yeung E, van Veen H, Vashisht D, Sobral Paiva AL, Hummel M, Rankenberg T, Steffens B, Steffen-Heins A, Sauter M, de Vries M,  Schuurink RC, Bazin J, Bailey-Serres J, Voesenek LACJ, Sasidharan R (2018) A stress recovery signaling network for enhanced flooding tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115 (26): E6085-E6094: 10.1073/pnas.1803841115

  • Lin C, Sauter M (2018) Control of adventitious root architecture in rice by darkness, light and gravity. Plant Physiology 176: 1352-1364: 10.1104/pp.17.01540


  • Lin C, Sauter M (2019) Control of root system architecture by phytohormones and environmental signals in rice. Israel Journal of Plant Sciences, 1(aop), pp.1-12. 10.1163/22238980-20191108
  • Kaufmann C, Sauter M (2019) Sulfated plant peptide hormones. Journal of Experimental Botany, erz292: 10.1093/jxb/erz292
  • Lin  C, Sauter M (2019) Polar auxin transport determines adventitious root emergence and growth in rice. Frontiers in Plant Science: 10.3389/fpls.2019.00444
  • Eysholdt-Derzsó E, Sauter, M (2019) Hypoxia and the ERFVII transcription factor HRE2 promote adventitious root elongation in Arabidopsis. Plant Biology Suppl 1: 103-108: 10.1111/plb.12873


  • Pedersen O, Sauter M, Colmer TD, Nakazono M (2020) Tansley Insight: Regulation of root adaptive anatomical and morphological traits during low soil oxygen. New Phytologist 229: 42-49.
  • Lin C, Ogorek LLP, Pedersen O, Sauter, M (2020) Oin the air and O2 dissolved in the floodwater both sustain growth of aquatic adventitious roots in rice, Journal of Experimental Botany, eraa542,


  • Kaufmann C, Stührwohldt N, Sauter M (2021) TPST-dependent and -independent regulation of root development and signaling by PSK LRR receptor kinases in Arabidopsis. Journal of Experimental Bototany, erab233, Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34028532.

  • Stührwohldt N, Bühler E, Sauter M, Schaller A (2021) Precursor processing by SBT3.8 and phytosulfokine signaling contribute to drought stress tolerance in Arabidopsis. Journal of Experimental Botany, erab017,

Anindya Majumder

PhD student

Am Botanischen Garten 5, R. 329
Phone: +49 431 880-4213

Research interest: Hypoxia signalling in Arabidopsis